Today you run the Internet on the computer, play games, watch videos, listen to songs, and do many things related to the office. Today the computer is being used in every area of the world whether it is education, film live or your office. There is no place in place without a computer. Today you can get any information of any city in the world on the internet with the help of computer. It can live video conferencing through your friends and relatives sitting in another country via the internet. All this is possible due to the computer. Imagine if you do not have a computer, then how does the world look like?
If you want to know about the history of computer, today I’m going to tell about the history of computer.
Where did the computer begin and why? Was I really made to do all these works, or was it invented for some reason? Let’s know –
Calculating for humans has been difficult since the beginning. Man can calculate or calculate only at a limited level without any machine. To make bigger calculations, man has to depend on the machine itself. To meet this need, man Created the computer, i.e. to calculate.
Abacus – 3000 years ago
Abacus-The history of computers is about 3000 years old. When a calculation machine Abacus was invented in China, it was a mechanical device that still works to calculate the marks in many Asian countries including China, Japan. Abacus is a frame of stars, these bears lay the bead (cooked clay balls) in the beginning. Initially, Abacus traded in the calculation of business calculations; This machine came to add, subtract, multiply and split the number. In a rectangular frame, wooden rods used to be wooden pellets, which were calculated by calculation or calculation below. That is, it was the first computer to run without power. Actually, it was up to your hands to do this work.
Antikythera mechanism – 2000 years ago
was originally an astronomical calculator used to track solar and lunar eclipses in ancient Greece, the Antichythera tag is about 2000 years old, to the scientists, in 1901, with this ship completely destroyed ship on Antichathera Island The scientists were decoding it and since long studies This computer has been decoded so later. This machine works with the planets to show the position of sun and moon in the sky. The Antichythera system acquired the credit for being the first known analogue computer of the modern era, Greek Antikythera System was developed to make astronomical and mathematical figures accurate.
Pascaline – 1642
Centuries later, several other mechanical machines
were developed to calculate the points. 17 French mathematician Blaise Pascal (V. Century Bis Pascal was a mechanical arithmetic calculated) equipment (Mechanical Digital Calculator) was developed in 1645. This machine was called the ading machine because it could only add or subtract. This machine worked on the principle of clock and odometer. There were several tooth head wheels in which it swirled, on the teeth of the chakras, numbers ranging from 0 to 9 were printed, each cycle had a local value like units, tens, hundreds etc. The second rotation was followed by Blaise Pascal’s
Machine, Also called Pascaline.
Pascaline built after Abacus It was calculated by mathematical expert Blaze Pascal in 1642, calculated at a higher speed than Abacus. This was the first mechanical calculator. This machine was called an adding machine, this adding machine of Blase Pascal is also called Pascaline.
In 1801, the French Weaver Joseph Jacquard abducted a loom of clothing weaving which used to design or design Pattern in the cloth with the punched punchcard of cardboard. The characteristic of this loom was that it used to control the pattern of the cardboard with a punched punched punch, the thread was directed by the presence or absence of pictures on the punchcard.
Difference Engine – 1822
Charles Babbage built a machine in 1822, which was borne by the British government. The name of the machine was named Difference Engine, this machine was equipped with gear and sofa. It was steam moving. In 1833, Charles Babbage created Analytical Engine, a developed engine of different engine, which was a very powerful machine. Charles Babbage has contributed a lot to the development of the computer. Bevel’s Analytical Engine formed the basis of modern computers, and this is why Charles Beavez is called the father of computer science. It used to steam, on the basis of which today’s computers are being created, therefore Charles Babbage is called the father of computer.
Zuse Z3 – 1941
The great scientist “Konrad Zuse” invented a phenomenon called “Zuse-Z3
” salt which was the first electronic computer based on the Binary Arithmetic and Floating Point Arithmetic.
Eniak – 1946
A U.S. Military Research Room created the “ENIAC” machine, which means (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer). “ENIAC” used to work on the decimal arithmetic system, later “ENIAC” first became known as a computer which later developed into a modern computer
Manchester Small Scale Machine (SSEM) – 1948
(SSEM) was the first computer that could keep any of the pregrams safe in the vacume tube, its nick was named Baby, it was made by Frederick Williams and Tom Kilburn.
In this post i have give information about history of computer.In my previous post, I gave a little information about the computer and related courses to computer, if you have any questions relating to my post, then you can ask me through a comment or contact form. If you liked this post, do not forget to share it with your friends.